2018-2019 Graduate Bulletin

Geography and the Environment

Office: Boettcher Center West, Room 120
Mailing Address: 2050 E. Iliff Avenue, Denver, CO 80208
Phone: 303-871-2513
Email: geog-info@du.edu
Website: http://www.du.edu/geography

Why study geography at the University of Denver?

Consider these advantages:

  • Engaged and research-active faculty
  • Small classes and personal attention
  • State-of-the-art geospatial technology laboratories
  • Strong and exciting field orientation
  • Excellent location for applied research in physical and human geography

Situated at the foot of the Rocky Mountains in the dynamic city of Denver, the University of Denver is an ideal laboratory for physical and human geographers, as well as those studying human-environment interaction and geographic information science.

Since it was founded in 1945, the University of Denver’s department of geography has offered excellent opportunities for graduate students in teaching, research, academia, government and the private sector.

We have state-of-the-art facilities and resources:

  • Fully networked labs with frequent upgrades in hardware, specialized equipment and software
  • Four Geographic Information Science (GIS) labs which include most industry standard GIS software (All ESRI products, ERDAS Imagine, E-cognition, ENVI, Web Mapping and Geo-visualization products)
  • USDA-approved soil and sediment lab and the Hoyt Mineral Collection
  • Multimedia teaching classrooms
  • National and international field trips
  • The Mount Evans field station (elevation 10,600 feet), is just 45 minutes from campus

Come visit our facilities, meet our faculty and students and see the advantages for yourself.

The Department of Geography and the Environment at the University of Denver offers programs leading to the MA in Geography, MS in Geographic Information Science (GISc) (on-campus and online programs) and PhD in Geography. Areas of teaching and research include biogeography, climatology, computer-assisted cartography, cultural geography, development, economic geography, environmental geology, geographic information science, geovisualization, geomorphology, global change, hydrology, land use/land cover analysis, Latin America, natural resources, paleoenvironmental change, political ecology, Quaternary studies, remote sensing, soils, spatial analysis, sustainability, transportation, and urban geography and planning. With 12 tenure-line faculty and five full-time teaching faculty, our faculty is very active in research, publishing numerous journal articles and presenting many conference papers every year. Our faculty members also are known for their excellence as instructors, with several faculty having earned major teaching awards.

 

Doctor of Philosophy in Geography

Application Deadlines

  • Fall 2018 Priority Deadline: January 15, 2018
  • Fall 2018 Final Submission Deadline: March 15, 2018

Admission Requirements

  • Online admission application
  • $65.00 Application Fee
  • University Minimum Degree and GPA Requirements
    • Program Minimum GPA Requirements: The minimum undergraduate GPA for admission consideration for the Geography PhD program is a cumulative 3.5 on a 4.0 scale.
  • Transcripts: One official transcript from each post-secondary institution.
  • GRE: The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) is required. Scores must be received directly from the appropriate testing agency by the deadline. The institution code for the University of Denver is 4842.
  • Letters of Recommendation: Three (3) letters of recommendation are required. Letters should be submitted by recommenders through the online application.
  • Personal Statement: A personal statement of at least 300 words is required. The personal statement should include information concerning your life, education, practical experience, special interests and specific purpose for applying to the University of Denver.
  • Résumé: The résumé (or C.V.) should include work experience, research, and/or volunteer work.

Additional Standards for Non-Native English Speakers

Official scores from the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), International English Language Testing System (IELTS) or Cambridge English: Advanced (CAE) are required of all graduate applicants, regardless of citizenship status, whose native language is not English or who have been educated in countries where English is not the native language. The minimum TOEFL/IELTS/CAE test score requirements for the degree program are:

  • Minimum TOEFL Score (paper-based test): 570
  • Minimum TOEFL Score (internet-based test): 88
  • Minimum IELTS Score: 6.5
  • Minimum CAE Score: 176
  • English Conditional Admission Offered: In cases where minimum TOEFL/IELTS/CAE scores were not achieved or no English proficiency test was taken, the Geography program may offer English Conditional Admission (ECA) to academically qualified non-native English speakers.
  •  

Read the English Language Proficiency policy for more details.

Read the English Conditional Admission (ECA) policy for more details.

Read the Required Tests for GTA Eligibility policy for more details.

Additional Standards for International Applicants

Per Student & Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) regulation, international applicants must meet all standards for admission before an I-20 or DS-2019 is issued, [per U.S. Federal Register: 8 CFR § 214.3(k)] or is academically eligible for admission and is admitted [per 22 C.F.R. §62]. Read the Additional Standards For International Applicants policy for more details.

Financial Aid

There are many different options available to finance your education. Most University of Denver graduate students are granted some type of financial support. Our Office of Financial Aid is committed to helping you explore your options.

 Master of Arts in Geography

Application Deadlines

  • Fall 2018 Priority Deadline: January 15, 2018
  • Fall 2018 Final Submission Deadline: March 15, 2018

Admission Requirements

  • Online admission application
  • $65.00 Application Fee
  • University Minimum Degree and GPA Requirements
    • Program Minimum GPA Requirements: The minimum undergraduate GPA for admission consideration for the Geography program is a cumulative 3.0 on a 4.0 scale.
  • Transcripts: One official transcript from each post-secondary institution.
  • GRE: The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) is required. Scores must be received directly from the appropriate testing agency by the deadline. The institution code for the University of Denver is 4842. This program has minimum GRE scores requirements:
    • The minimum overall score for the GRE is 300.
  • Letters of Recommendation: Three (3) letters of recommendation are required. Letters should be submitted by recommenders through the online application.
  • Personal Statement: A personal statement of at least 300 words is required. The personal statement should include information concerning your life, education, practical experience, special interests and specific purpose for applying to the University of Denver.

Additional Standards for Non-Native English Speakers

Official scores from the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), International English Language Testing System (IELTS) or Cambridge English: Advanced (CAE) are required of all graduate applicants, regardless of citizenship status, whose native language is not English or who have been educated in countries where English is not the native language. The minimum TOEFL/IELTS/CAE test score requirements for the degree program are:

  • Minimum TOEFL Score (paper-based test): 570
  • Minimum TOEFL Score (internet-based test): 88
  • Minimum IELTS Score: 6.5
  • Minimum CAE Score: 176
  • English Conditional Admission Offered: In cases where minimum TOEFL/IELTS/CAE scores were not achieved or no English proficiency test was taken, the Geography program may offer English Conditional Admission (ECA) to academically qualified non-native English speakers.
  •  

Read the English Language Proficiency policy for more details.

Read the English Conditional Admission (ECA) policy for more details.

Read the Required Tests for GTA Eligibility policy for more details.

Additional Standards for International Applicants

Per Student & Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) regulation, international applicants must meet all standards for admission before an I-20 or DS-2019 is issued, [per U.S. Federal Register: 8 CFR § 214.3(k)] or is academically eligible for admission and is admitted [per 22 C.F.R. §62]. Read the Additional Standards For International Applicants policy for more details.

Financial Aid

There are many different options available to finance your education. Most University of Denver graduate students are granted some type of financial support. Our Office of Financial Aid is committed to helping you explore your options.

Master of Science in Geographic Information Science

Application Deadlines

  • Fall 2018 Priority Deadline: January 15, 2018
  • Fall 2018 Final Submission Deadline: March 15, 2018

Admission Requirements

  • Online admission application
  • $65.00 Application Fee
  • University Minimum Degree and GPA Requirements
    • Program Minimum GPA Requirements: The minimum undergraduate GPA for admission consideration for the Geographic Information Science program is a cumulative 3.0 on a 4.0 scale.
  • Transcripts: One official transcript from each post-secondary institution.
  • GRE: The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) is required. Scores must be received directly from the appropriate testing agency by the deadline. The institution code for the University of Denver is 4842. This program has minimum GRE score requirements.
    • The minimum overall score for the GRE is 300.
  • Letters of Recommendation: Three (3) letters of recommendation are required. Letters should be submitted by recommenders through the online application.
  • Personal Statement: A personal statement of at least 300 words is required. The personal statement should include information concerning your life, education, practical experience, special interests and specific purpose for applying to the University of Denver.

Additional Standards for Non-Native English Speakers

Official scores from the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), International English Language Testing System (IELTS) or Cambridge English: Advanced (CAE) are required of all graduate applicants, regardless of citizenship status, whose native language is not English or who have been educated in countries where English is not the native language. The minimum TOEFL/IELTS/CAE test score requirements for the degree program are:

  • Minimum TOEFL Score (paper-based test): 570
  • Minimum TOEFL Score (internet-based test): 88
  • Minimum IELTS Score: 6.5
  • Minimum CAE Score: 176
  • English Conditional Admission Offered: In cases where minimum TOEFL/IELTS/CAE scores were not achieved or no English proficiency test was taken, the Geography program may offer English Conditional Admission (ECA) to academically qualified non-native English speakers.
  •  

Read the English Language Proficiency policy for more details.

Read the English Conditional Admission (ECA) policy for more details.

Read the Required Tests for GTA Eligibility policy for more details.

Additional Standards for International Applicants

Per Student & Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) regulation, international applicants must meet all standards for admission before an I-20 or DS-2019 is issued, [per U.S. Federal Register: 8 CFR § 214.3(k)] or is academically eligible for admission and is admitted [per 22 C.F.R. §62]. Read the Additional Standards For International Applicants policy for more details.

Financial Aid

There are many different options available to finance your education. Most University of Denver graduate students are granted some type of financial support. Our Office of Financial Aid is committed to helping you explore your options.

 Master of Science in Geographic Information Science (Online Program)

Application Deadlines

  • Fall 2018 Priority Deadline: July 18, 2018
  • Fall 2018 Final Submission Deadline: August 18, 2018
  • Spring 2019 Priority Deadline: January 30, 2019
  • Spring 2019 Final Submission Deadline: March 1, 2019

Admission Requirements

  • Online admission application
  • $65.00 Application Fee
  • University Minimum Degree and GPA Requirements
    • Program Minimum GPA Requirements: The minimum undergraduate GPA for admission consideration for the Geographic Information Science program is a cumulative 3.0 on a 4.0 scale.
  • Transcripts: One official transcript from each post-secondary institution.
  • GRE: The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) is required. Scores must be received directly from the appropriate testing agency by the deadline. The institution code for the University of Denver is 4842. Applicants who have completed at least 12 hours in the University's GIS certificate program, with a GPA of 3.5 or better, could waive the GRE requirement or the undergraduate GPA requirement, but not both. Students who have completed the certificate program can automatically waive the GRE requirement. This program has minimum GRE score requirements:
    • The minimum overall score for the GRE is 300.
  • Letters of Recommendation: Three (3) letters of recommendation are required. Letters should be submitted by recommenders through the online application.
  • Personal Statement: A personal statement of at least 300 words is required. The personal statement should include information concerning your life, education, practical experience, special interests and specific purpose for applying to the University of Denver.

Additional Standards for Non-Native English Speakers

Official scores from the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), International English Language Testing System (IELTS) or Cambridge English: Advanced (CAE) are required of all graduate applicants, regardless of citizenship status, whose native language is not English or who have been educated in countries where English is not the native language. The minimum TOEFL/IELTS/CAE test score requirements for the degree program are:

  • Minimum TOEFL Score (paper-based test): 570
  • Minimum TOEFL Score (internet-based test): 88
  • Minimum IELTS Score: 6.5
  • Minimum CAE Score: 176
  • English Conditional Admission Offered: In cases where minimum TOEFL/IELTS/CAE scores were not achieved or no English proficiency test was taken, the Geography program may offer English Conditional Admission (ECA) to academically qualified non-native English speakers.
  •  

Read the English Language Proficiency policy for more details.

Read the English Conditional Admission (ECA) policy for more details.

Read the Required Tests for GTA Eligibility policy for more details.

Additional Standards for International Applicants

Per Student & Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) regulation, international applicants must meet all standards for admission before an I-20 or DS-2019 is issued, [per U.S. Federal Register: 8 CFR § 214.3(k)] or is academically eligible for admission and is admitted [per 22 C.F.R. §62]. Read the Additional Standards For International Applicants policy for more details.

Financial Aid

There are many different options available to finance your education. Most University of Denver graduate students are granted some type of financial support. Our Office of Financial Aid is committed to helping you explore your options.

Doctor of Philosophy in Geography

Degree Requirements

Coursework Requirements

A minimum of 117 quarter hours of credit is required for the doctoral degree, up to 45 hours of which may be transferred from an earned master's degree from a regionally accredited university.

Core coursework requirements12
Complete the following courses or work with your advisor if the equivalent of the following courses were taken as part of your MA or MS program.
Advanced Geographic Statistics
Fundamental Geographic Perspectives
Geographic Research Methodology
Graduate Colloquium in Geog
Geography courses32
Complete at least 32 additional credits in geography courses (at least 3000 or higher level) directed toward the dissertation research
Cognate courses12
Complete at least 12 additional credits in cognate coursework in a related field
Additional coursework0-16
Complete 2 graduate seminar courses and 2 research tools to reach the number of minimum credits required for the degree
Transfer Credit0-45
A maximum of 45 credits may be accepted as transferred in from a MA or MS program, including credits substituting core coursework requirements
Total Credits117

Minimum number of credits required for the degree: 117 credits

Non-coursework requirements:

  • Two Research Tools Requirement
  • PhD Research Proposal Presentation
  • Comprehensive Examination
  • Dissertation
  • Oral Defense

Two Research Tools Requirement

The options to meet the tool requirement include languages, geographic information systems, computer cartography, remote sensing and geographic statistics.

PhD Research Proposal Presentation

Each student is required to prepare and present a dissertation proposal and have it formally approved by the student’s faculty committee. This should be completed by the end of the second year for a full-time PhD student.

Comprehensive Exam

This exam, which includes both written and oral parts, is designed to evaluate the student’s work at the University of Denver.

This exam is usually scheduled after all substantive course work has been completed and the dissertation proposal has been approved. It must be taken at least three quarters prior to expected graduation. Students should consult with their adviser and committee members to achieve a greater understanding of what will be on the exam. The written portion of the exam can be taken in one of two formats: a written examination conducted in the department usually taken over two days, lasting four hours each day, or a take-home examination in which the student has five days to complete the exam. An oral examination is held two weeks after the written exam has been completed. A candidate who fails one or all parts of the comprehensive exam may petition the department for re-examination. Re-examination, if granted by the department, may not be scheduled until the succeeding quarter and cannot be retaken more than once.

Dissertation and Oral Defense

Upon completion of course work, approved proposal, comprehensive exam and the dissertation, each student will undergo a final oral defense. An oral defense may not be scheduled until at least the second quarter following the quarter in which the comprehensive exam was successfully completed (the summer may count as a quarter, though no examinations should be scheduled during the summer). The final oral defense is to be conducted at least two weeks before the end of the quarter in which the degree is to be awarded. This defense is usually about two hours in length, and is composed of a 20–25 minute presentation by the student followed by questions from the committee. The examining committee is comprised of at least four members: an advisor and three other committee members.  The advisor must be a full-time tenure-line faculty member in the Department of Geography & the Environment with a research record and interest appropriate to the student's proposed research area of specialization.  All members of the committee must be full-time appointed faculty at DU and have research records appropriate to the student's area of specialization.  Faculty from appropriately-related units who hold the terminal degree in their field may serve on the committee as long as the candidate's graduate unit has the majority representation and a two-thirds majority of the committee hold the earned doctorate.  There is also a non-voting Oral Defense Committee Chair who must be a tenured faculty member from another department at the University of Denver serving as the university representative for the final oral defense.

For doctoral programs, research areas are limited to the fields of biogeography, climatology, cultural geography, economic geography, geographic information science, geomorphology, global change, human environment interaction, Latin America, paleoenvironmental change, Quaternary studies, transportation geography and urban geography in accordance with current faculty expertise.

Master of Arts in Geography

Requirements for students with prior degrees in geography:

For the MA degree, 45 quarter hours of course work and a thesis are required. Students can specialize in subfields within physical geography, human geography or human-environment interaction (please see the Department of Geography and the Environment Graduate Student Handbook for detailed information).

Degree requirements

Coursework requirements

Core coursework requirements:
GEOG 3000Advanced Geographic Statistics4
GEOG 4000Fundamental Geographic Perspectives4
GEOG 4020Geographic Research Methodology4
GEOG 4900Graduate Colloquium in Geog0
Additional transfer, departmental, and other university courses0-33
Total Credits45
Note: Students must take a minimum of 33 credits in GEOG courses

Minimum number of credits required for degree: 45 credits

Non-coursework requirements:

  • Research proposal presentation
  • Thesis
  • Final Oral Defense

Research Proposal Presentation

Each student is required to prepare and present a thesis proposal and have it formally approved by the student’s faculty committee.

Thesis Requirement

Original research of a geographic topic is required, the scope of which is determined by the thesis committee. The thesis should be of publishable quality.

Final Oral Defense

Upon completion of required course work, proposal approval and the thesis, each student will undergo a final oral defense. This defense is usually about two hours in length. The defense will address both course work and the thesis research. The final oral defense is to be conducted at least two weeks before the end of the quarter in which the degree is to be awarded. The oral defense committee is comprised of at least three members: an advisor and two other committee members.  The advisor must be a full-time tenure-line faculty member in the Department of Geography & the Environment with a research record and interest appropriate to the student's proposed research area of specialization.  All members of the committee must be full-time appointed faculty at DU and have research records appropriate to the student's area of specialization.  DU faculty from appropriately-related units who hold the terminal degree in their field may serve on the committee as long as the candidate's graduate unit has the majority representation.  There is also a non-voting Oral Defense Committee Chair who must be a tenure-line faculty member from another department at the University of Denver serving as the university representative for the final oral defense.

Master of Science in Geographic Information Science

Degree requirements

Coursework requirements

Core coursework requirements28
Advanced Geographic Statistics
Geographic Information Analysis
GIS Database Design
GIS Project Management
Remote Sensing
Geographic Research Methodology
Graduate Colloquium in Geog
Capstone or Project
Electives8-20
A minimum of 8 quarter hours of electives must be taken in geography from any of the GEOG courses at 3000 level or above. It is strongly recommended that students take GEOG 4000 Fundamental Geographic Perspectives as one of their elective courses.
Total Credits48
Note: At least 24 quarter hours must be completed in courses taken within the Department of Geography & the Environment at the University of Denver. No more than 24 credits will be accepted in transfer from the GIS certificate program.

Minimum number of credits required for degree: 48 credits

Non-coursework requirements:

  • Capstone project
  • Capstone project presentation

Capstone Project

Students will be required to produce a final project of professional quality demonstrating their ability to apply geographic information science to their chosen area of specialization. The project is done for, and with, a company, agency, nongovernmental organization or faculty member who is referred to as the client. The project must be used by the client and may be predominantly technical in nature or may include a research component. The project must demonstrate a mastery of one or more of the several geospatial technologies. It must require the student to engage in all facets of a project, from design to implementation.  At the completion of the project, students will present their work to their peers. 

Master of Science in Geographic Information Science (Online Program)

This option is designed for people wishing to complete the degree via an online format.

Degree requirements

Coursework requirements

Core coursework requirements20
Complete all of the following courses:
Advanced Geographic Statistics
Geographic Information Analysis
GIS Database Design
GIS Project Management
Remote Sensing (Remote Sensing is elective in GIS certificate program)
Remote Sensing I
Geography/GIS Elective Courses20
Complete a minimum of five elective courses from any University College GIS certificate program course (EXCEPT GIS 4101 and GIS 4110) and not already used to meet a required course, or choose from the courses below.
GPS for Resource Mapping
Urban Applications in GIS
GIS Applications and Natural Resources
Advanced Geographic Information Systems
Acceptable University College GIS certificate electives can be found at the University College GIS certificate program website. 1
Capstone courses8
Complete both of the following courses:
Geographic Research Methodology
Capstone or Project
Total Credits48
Note: At least 24 credits counted towards the degree must be taken within the Department of Geography & the Environment at the University of Denver. No more than 24 credits will be accepted in transfer from the GIS certificate program. GIS 4101 Introduction to GIS, and GIS 4110 Geographic Statistics are not transferable to the online MS-GISc degree program.

Minimum number of credits required for degree: 48 credits

Non-coursework requirements:

  • Capstone project

Geography Courses

GEOG 3000 Advanced Geographic Statistics (4 Credits)

The second in a sequence of two courses that address general statistical applications particular to geography, environmental science and other disciplines dealing with a spatial dimension in the data they work with. The focus of this second course is on the more advanced multivariate statistical techniques. The course has a strong applied orientation as particular attention is given to which technique is the most appropriate to use for a given type of problem and how to interpret and apply the resulting statistics. Extensive use is made of computer statistics packages. Homework exercises involving such statistical techniques as multiple correlation and regression analysis, principle components analysis, discriminate analysis and canonical correlation. Prerequisite: GEOG 2000.

GEOG 3010 Geographic Information Analysis (4 Credits)

Reviews many basic statistical methods and applies them to various spatial datasets. In addition, several spatial statistical methods are applied to spatial datasets. This course is an in-depth study of the interface between GIS, spatial data, and statistical analysis. Preferred prerequisite: GEOG 2000. Prerequisite: GEOG 2100.

GEOG 3030 Advanced Field Methods (4 Credits)

Various field methods used by researchers in physical geography; techniques include field mapping, laboratory analyses, geologic field methods. Prerequisite: GEOG 1201 or equivalent.

GEOG 3040 GPS for Resource Mapping (4 Credits)

This course is an introduction to GPS (Global Positioning Systems) concepts, techniques, and applications as they relate to GIS data collection. Lectures focus on satellite surveying, GPS technology, error sources, program planning, data collection design, and Quality Control and Quality Assurance issues for data collection programs. Hands-on lab exercises include navigation, mission planning for a GPS survey, designing a field data collection plan and associated data dictionary, field data collection, differential correction, and data integration into a GIS and map production.

GEOG 3100 Geospatial Data (4 Credits)

This graduate-level course is designed to provide graduate students from a broad range of disciplines with the skills to carry out applied research tasks and projects requiring the integration of geographic information system technologies and geospatial data. Students are introduced to a collection of techniques and data sources with a focus on acquiring and integrating data. Legal, ethical, and institutional problems related to data acquisition for geospatial information systems are also discussed. Cross listed with GEOG 2100.

GEOG 3110 GIS Modeling (4 Credits)

This course focuses on the concepts and procedures used in discovering and applying relationships within and among maps. It extends the mapping and geo-query capabilities of GIS to map analysis and construction of spatial models. The course establishes a comprehensive framework that addresses a wide range of applications from natural resources to retail marketing. Topics include the nature of spatial data introduction to spatial statistics and surface modeling in the first five weeks followed by spatial analysis operations and modeling techniques in the second five weeks. The lectures, discussions and independent exercises provide a foundation for creative application of GIS technology in spatial reasoning and decision making.

GEOG 3130 Advanced Geographic Information Systems (4 Credits)

This advanced course explores the more technical aspects of GIS functions and data structures. Students have hands-on access to both raster (grid-cell) and vector-based software packages in the form of lab exercises that culminate in a small student-designed GIS project. Prerequisite: GEOG 2100.

GEOG 3140 GIS Database Design (4 Credits)

Designing databases to provide a foundation for GIS functions and applications, including investigating techniques used for designing databases in non-spatial environments and learning the applicability to GIS problems. Building on concepts and techniques introduced in the first half to extend traditional techniques and methodologies to model the requirements of spatial problems. Students learn to translate the conceptual spatial model into a physical implementation specific to GIS products. Prerequisite: GEOG 2100 or GEOG 3100.

GEOG 3150 GIS Project Management (4 Credits)

This course provides graduate students seeking a career in GIS, or anyone managing a GIS project, with the knowledge, skill and abilities to take a GIS project or program past the design and implementation phase and into day-to-day operation. Students evaluate and analyze the role of GIS in an organization's overall information system strategy and communicate the importance of geography in an information system. Data sharing in the organization is examined to determine the benefits and costs of distributing data creation and maintenance activities throughout an organization. Finally, the role of GIS professionals and the skill sets required to manage GIS effectively are examined. Students review case studies of successful and not-so-successful GIS projects in North America. GIS management issues are addressed by a series of case studies focusing on various management aspects. Students are also expected to visit operational GIS programs in the metropolitan area and interview GIS managers. Students prepare case study evaluations for review in the classroom. Required for all MSGIS students because of the critical importance of GIS project management.

GEOG 3200 Remote Sensing (4 Credits)

This course acquaints students with the basic techniques of the collection, processing and interpretation of information about the character of the earth's surface from remote locations. Students become familiar with the use of the visible, infrared, thermal and microwave portions of the electromagnetic spectrum as a means of determining land cover and/or land use. Both manual and computer-assisted techniques are discussed and include hands-on applications.

GEOG 3230 Advanced Remote Sensing (4 Credits)

This course will build on the basic remote sensing concepts presented in GEOG 3200. Students will explore more in-depth concepts relevant to satellite and airborne remote sensing, including radiative transfer and information extraction. In addition, students will be introduced to two cutting-edge sources of data about the Earth's surface: hyperspectral and lidar (Light Detection and Ranging) sensors. Students will study specific applications of advanced digital image processing techniques for environmental monitoring, natural resource management, and land-use planning. Finally, students will integrate remote sensing and other spatial datasets in the context of Geographic Information System (GIS) analysis. Prerequisite: GEOG 3200.

GEOG 3300 Cultural Geography (4 Credits)

Themes and methods of cultural geography including cultural area, landscape, history and ecology.

GEOG 3310 Culture/Nature/Economics-Human Ecology (4 Credits)

Cultural adaptation, livelihood strategies and environmental modification among subsistence and peasant societies: responses of such groups to technological change and economic integration.

GEOG 3330 Political Geography (4 Credits)

GEOG 3340 Geographies of Migration (4 Credits)

This course explores contemporary movement of people across international borders and the social, cultural, political, economic, and environmental repercussions of such movements. The class looks at the global flow of people across national boundaries and the ways in which these dispersed peoples build and maintain social networks across national borders. While doing so, we address the role of globalization in international migration processes. What motivates people to move long distances, often across several international borders and at considerable financial and psychological cost? How do migrants change--and how in turn do they bring change, social as well as economic, to new destinations as well as places left behind? This course examines politics and patterns of migration, transnational migration, and immigration to the United States.

GEOG 3350 Qualitative Methods in Geography (4 Credits)

This course focuses upon qualitative methods in the production of geographic knowledge. Qualitative methods are widely employed by geographers to understand patterns and underlying processes of human and human-environment issues in society. The course is designed to expose participants to the theories, purpose, scope, and procedures of qualitative research. Specific topics include: epistemological theories (ways of knowing); ethics and power in research; research design; data collection techniques in interviewing, participant observation and landscape interpretation, discourse and archive analysis, and case studies; data analysis; and writing and disseminating qualitative findings.

GEOG 3400 Urban Landscapes (4 Credits)

Urbanization as a process; national urban systems; internal spatial structure of cities; role of transportation in urban development; location of residential, commercial and industrial activities; agglomeration economies; residential congregation and segregation; environmental justice; urban growth and growth coalitions; decentralization and urban sprawl; edge cities; impacts on the urban environment; world cities; globalization.

GEOG 3410 Urban Applications in GIS (4 Credits)

This course uses the tools of geographic information systems (GIS) to explore concepts of traditional urban geography, including defining cities/metropolis, internal urban structures, urban systems, industrial location, social and residential patterns, urban form, environmental problems, and urban planning. The course allows students to practice fundamental skills in GIS (e.g., working with attribute tables, spatial analysis, spatial queries) and cartography (map design, color theory, display of information). Depending on the quarter, students pursue individual projects of interest or client-based projects. Prerequisite: GEOG 2100 or GEOG 3100 or equivalent.

GEOG 3420 Urban and Regional Planning (4 Credits)

Historical evolution of planning theory and practices; comprehensive planning process; legal, political, economic, social, environmental aspects of urban planning; urban design; urban renewal and community development; transportation planning; economic development planning; growth management; environmental and energy planning; planning for metropolitan regions; national planning.

GEOG 3425 Urban Sustainability (4 Credits)

The 21st century is being called the 'century of the city.' Now more than ever, humans across the globe call the city their home. Many of the world's most pressing crises are manifest in cities, including: greenhouse gas emissions, land degradation, high mass production and consumption, widespread poverty and hunger, and expanding socio-economic disparities. As 'sustainability' becomes part of mainstream discourse, this course explores what sustainability means for urban contexts around the globe. Arguably, the city has the potential to be the most efficient, equitable, and environmental form of modern human settlement. Covering all dimensions of sustainability from a social science perspective, this course focuses on theoretical groundings, practices of urban sustainability, and new research agendas. Major topics include cities and nature; planning and land use; urban form; community and neighborhoods; transportation systems and accessibility; livelihood and urban economies; and social justice and the city.

GEOG 3440 Urban Transportation Planning (4 Credits)

A specialized course in the urban planning sequence focusing on issues, practices and policies of urban transportation planning. Recommended for anyone interested in timely transportation topics, such as the feasibility and impacts of light rail transit, the planning and implementation of highway projects, and the role of freight and passenger transportation companies in transportation planning.

GEOG 3445 Sustainability and Transportation (4 Credits)

Sustainable transportation aims at promoting better and healthier ways of meeting individual and community needs while reducing the social and environmental impacts of current mobility practices. Given the importance of transport for economic growth, the uncertainties surrounding the availability and price of future sources of energy for transport use, as well as the social and environmental externalities of currently-utilized transport modes, it is imperative that more sustainable ways of providing transportation be developed and utilized.

GEOG 3450 Transportation and Mobilities (4 Credits)

The geographical study of transport has grown considerably and become more diverse, encompassing new areas of inquiry generated from economic, urban, environmental, political, social, and cultural geography, as well as from transport geography itself. The most notable expansion has been in the area of 'mobilities' research, which is focused on the social aspects of mobility, including both the large-scale movements of people, objects, capital, and information across the world, as well as the more local processes of daily transportation, movement through public space and the travel of material things within everyday life.

GEOG 3460 Air Transportation & Tourism (4 Credits)

This course delves into the world of commercial air passenger transportation, studying the foundations of the industry, its role in the travel and tourism, and strategies for the future. Foundational topics include the history and geography of air transportation, air travel and tourism, the geography of tourism, airline corporate cultures, the role of government, aviation law, regulation, deregulation, and globalization. Study of the principal elements of airline economics, finance, planning, management, operations, pricing, promotion, cost containment, marketing, and policy provide the opportunity for consideration of strategic options within the contemporary airline industry. Further discussion focuses on the planning and management of airport and airway system infrastructure, the issue of sustainable air transportation, and the role of the airline industry within the context of intermodalism.

GEOG 3470 GIS & Environmental Health Geography (4 Credits)

This course is designed to acquaint students with the spatial distributions of populations and their relationships to environmental pollution sources and health outcomes. It utilizes real-life scenarios using population data from the U.S. census, EPA pollution data and various types of vital statistics data. The goal is to implement novel geographic techniques such as spatial analytical techniques and atmospheric modeling of pollutants to assess possible health risks and outcomes. This class requires basic GIS knowledge.

GEOG 3500 Reconstructing Quaternary Environments (4 Credits)

Nature, magnitude, sequence and causes of Pleistocene and Holocene climatic changes; effects of climatic change on plant/animal distributions and human populations; paleoclimatic research methods. Laboratory and field trips. Prerequisites: GEOG core, ENVI 3000.

GEOG 3510 Biogeography (4 Credits)

Biogeography focuses on present and past distributions of plants and animals. In this course we consider a number of themes central to biogeography, including plate tectonics and biogeography, the effects of climate change of plant and animal distributions, biogeographic realms, island biogeography, biodiversity, human impacts on plants and animals, and the origins of agriculture.

GEOG 3520 Geography of Soils (4 Credits)

Spatial variation in soil characteristics; soil processes, soil morphology, their application in soil studies. Prerequisite: GEOG 1201-1203 Environmental Systems or instructor's permission.

GEOG 3550 Topics in Physical Geography (1-5 Credits)

Investigations into various aspects of physical environment.

GEOG 3560 Fluvial Geomorphology (4 Credits)

Examines how water and sediment interact at Earth's surface to create a variety of landforms ranging from small rills to continental-scale river systems. Introduces fundamental fluvial processes or channel hydraulics and sediment transport. Examines common fluvial landforms including alluvial streams, bedrock streams, floodplains and alluvial fans. Combines traditional lectures and in-class discussions with numerous field excursions to rivers in the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains. Prerequisite: GEOG 1203, GEOG 1218, or GEOG 1266.

GEOG 3600 Meteorology (4 Credits)

The basic theory and skills of weather forecasting. Topics include thorough coverage of atmosphere dynamics and thermodynamics, the evolution of various weather types, the mechanics of storm systems (cyclones, severe storms, hurricanes), creation and interpretation of weather maps, and forecasting techniques.

GEOG 3610 Climatology (4 Credits)

Climatology is the study of the processes that result in spatial and temporal variation of weather. This course introduces the student to the processes responsible for the transfer of matter and energy between the Earth's surface and the atmosphere and the average weather conditions that result. In addition, topics of global concern, such as greenhouse effect, El Nino, urban heat islands and acid rain, are discussed. Laboratory exercises provide an opportunity to investigate climate variation and climatic change through the use of a variety of computer simulations.

GEOG 3620 Applied Climatology (4 Credits)

Climatic impact on environmental systems and human behavior; techniques to investigate climatic characteristics of environmental extremes (floods, blizzards), urban climatology and socioeconomic impacts of climate. Prerequisite: GEOG 1201. Recommended Prerequisite: GEOG 3600 or GEOG 3610.

GEOG 3630 Dendroclimatology (2-4 Credits)

Systematic variations in tree ring width and/or density can be used to reconstruct changes in precipitation or temperature well before humans were around to record the variability. This class utilizes hands on methods to introduce the fundamental principles of dendroclimatology. Through readings and lectures, students will learn how tree ring growth can be correlated to climate change. Students will then undertake several research projects to reconstruct past climate variability in the Denver metro area using tree rings. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

GEOG 3640 Climate Change and Society (4 Credits)

The science of anthropogenic climate change will be presented with an emphasis on critical evaluation of the evidence of climate change and future scenarios and migration strategies. Students will be introduced to the latest climate change research, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report, and the most recent literature from the field. The societal and cultural implications of climate change will also be discussed. Prerequisites: GEOG 1201, GEOG 1216, or GEOG 1264.

GEOG 3700 Environment & Development (4 Credits)

Course examines interrelated nature of environmental and development issues in the Third World; addresses the place of environment in development theory and practice and the political ecology of Third World environmental problems and sustainable development approaches.

GEOG 3701 Topics in Geographic Information Science (1-4 Credits)

Topics vary by instructor.

GEOG 3710 Environmental Change in the Eastern Mediterranean (2 Credits)

We tend to associate environmental problems with modern societies and high technology. However, humans have had impacts on the environment, and have had to cope with challenges brought by the environment, throughout their history. Western cultures are intimately linked to the eastern Mediterranean, where some of the earliest centralized governments arose, agriculture developed, and humans first began living in permanent settlements, so the region has a long history of human-environment interaction. This class focuses on historical, archaeological, and paleoenvironmental records from the region to investigate the impacts of human activities, including deforestation, intensive agriculture, and urban development, on the environment, and the ways in which societies in the region responded to natural environmental perturbations, including drought, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions.

GEOG 3720 Mountain Environments and Sustainability (4 Credits)

Mountain Environments and Sustainability explores the unique physical and cultural aspects of high relief and/or high altitude environments. Covering one quarter of the Earth's land surface, mountains directly or indirectly impact the lives of millions of people. We examine the significance of mountains to climate, water resources, and human activities, and discuss the sustainability of these environments and communities in light of rapid changes in many mountain regions resulting from anthropogenic factors and global change. GEOG 1201, 1202, and 1203 or instructor approval.

GEOG 3730 International Environmental Policy (4 Credits)

This course acquaints students with the global perspective on current problems of environmental protection and resource use. Population growth, food production, industrialization, technology and cultural change are considered, with heavy emphasis on the social dynamics of environmental problems. A variety of political views are studied, and an attempt is made to develop a perspective useful to students in personal and political decisions.

GEOG 3740 Environmental Justice in the City (4 Credits)

This course is designed to acquaint students with environmental justice in the urban environment. This class focuses on the City of Denver as a laboratory to explore the disproportionate impacts of social justice issues, particularly urban pollution, healthy food sources, gentrification, light rail, and employment opportunities, on neighborhoods and communities. A variety of views are studied, and an attempt is made to develop a perspective useful to students to explain urban social justice conditions.

GEOG 3750 Topics in Human-Environment Interactions (1-4 Credits)

This course investigates various aspects of the relationships between human societies and the natural environment.

GEOG 3755 Geography of Health (4 Credits)

The geography of health is a thriving area of study that considers the impact of natural, built, and social environments on human health. This course introduces students to three geographical contributions to health studies. First, it emphasizes the importance of ecological approaches to health, which consider interactions between humans and their environments, including topics such as how climate change might influence disease distributions, and how the built environment can influence patterns of physical activity. A second focus is social theory, exploring how aspects such as race, socioeconomic status, and identity play a critical role in influencing human health. A third section of the course considers how spatial methods (cartography, GIS, and spacial statistics) can help answer health-related questions.

GEOG 3760 Health & Environment, England (4 Credits)

This field course meets in England, visiting several sites in the Midlands. It focuses on ecological approaches to health, which emphasize the relationship between humans and their environment as a critical influence on the health status of populations. This environmental influence may come from the natural, built, or social environment. The course will use a case study approach to emphasize i) the importance of the natural, built, and social environment to human health, and ii) how the relationship between humans and their environments and its sustainability has changed over time. We will explore eight different time periods, asking in each case how people's relationships with their natural, built, and social environments have influenced health at the population scale, and how these influences can inform sustainable health and environment in the future.

GEOG 3800 Geography of Colorado (4 Credits)

This course focuses on the physical and human geography of Colorado, a state that includes the western Great Plains, the southern Rocky Mountains, and the eastern Colorado Plateau. Colorado's varied natural landscapes provide equally varied settings for human settlement and resource use. Recommended Prerequisites: GEOG 1201, GEOG 1202, and GEOG 1203.

GEOG 3830 Natural Resource Analysis & Planning (4 Credits)

Natural resources provide the basis for all human agricultural and industrial activities. This course discusses our resource distribution, conservation, management and sustainable use.

GEOG 3840 Water Resource Analysis (4 Credits)

The focus of this course is on complex policy, economic and local, national and international, and political issues surrounding resource use in the western U.S. Issues include exploitation of nonrenewable and renewable energy and mineral resources; and flexible responses to changing public policy.

GEOG 3860 GIS Applications and Natural Resources (4 Credits)

In this course we will use a case study approach to examine domestic and international natural resources such as oil, coal, timber, minerals, and recycled materials. We will use a case study approach to look at resource distribution, and the environmental impacts of extraction, production, and disposal, as well as the legal and economic context. We will use GIS data and analysis to enhance our understanding of these case studies, and students will do a project and paper using GIS data and image analysis at a local, regional or global scale. Prerequisite: Introduction to GIS or Introduction to GIS Modeling.

GEOG 3870 Water Resources & Sustainability (4 Credits)

In this course, we look at water as both a local and global resource and examine what sustainability means for human and ecological realms. After an overview of the physical processes that drive the hydrologic cycle, surface and groundwater hydrology, we examine how we humans have harnessed water for our use and how we both alter and treat its quality. We examine the legal aspects of water allocation in the U.S. and the groups and agencies that are most involved in managing and overseeing water issues. Finally, we examine the most pressing water "issues" related to wildlife, development, scarcity and conflict. We look forward to imagining the power of both the individual and the collective in meeting our future, global water needs.

GEOG 3880 Cleantech and Sustainability (4 Credits)

Cleantech has only recently become part of our vernacular and it refers to the technology that enables us to produce energy in a manner that has little or no environmental impact (solar, geothermal, wind, responsible biofuels). Clean technology will not only offer us a chance to rehabilitate the climate, but should make us more aware of how fundamental our approach to everyday life needs a more sustainable consciousness. As part of the debate, we will examine some of the problems facing civilization, why we are not sustainable, who the major players are, and how a more sustainable existence is not just our moral obligation, but it is also good economics and sound foreign policy that will accelerate poverty alleviation.

GEOG 3890 Ecological Economics (4 Credits)

Ecological Economics is an emerging transdisciplinary endeavor that reintegrates the natural and social sciences toward the goal of developing a united understanding of natural and human-dominated ecosystems and designing a sustainable and desirable future for humans on a materially finite planet. In this course we start with a basic overview and summary of the neo-classical economic perspective with a particular focus on the recognized market failures of public goods, common property, and externalities. We begin with a reconceptualization of economic theory by imposing scientific constraints (e.g. conservation of mass and energy, the laws of thermodynamics, evolutionary theory, etc.). Using the ideas developed in this reconceptualization of economic theory we explore the implications for international trade and myriad public policies associated with the ethical, environmental, and economic aspects of sustainability.

GEOG 3910 Geomorphology (4 Credits)

An advanced course that examines how Earth’s landforms are created by a range of physical processes. Most landforms can be viewed as a result of some combination of erosion, transport and deposition of rock, soil and sediment. The most common agents causing these geomorphic processes are water, wind, ice and waves. This course examines the processes responsible for eroding, transporting and depositing earth materials and compares these processes with the resulting landforms. Prerequisites: GEOG 1202 or GEOG 1217 or instructor's permission.

GEOG 3920 Remote Sensing Seminar (4 Credits)

Special topics in advanced remote sensing.

GEOG 3930 Cultural Geography Seminar (4 Credits)

Topics, methods and current research in cultural geography.

GEOG 3940 Urban Geography Seminar (4 Credits)

International comparison of economic and social, positive and negative aspects of urban systems.

GEOG 3950 Physical Geography Seminar (2-4 Credits)

GEOG 3955 Pollen Analysis Seminar (3 Credits)

Pollen grains preserved in sediment provide long-term records of vegetation conditions. Changing proportions of pollen types may reflect climatic fluctuation or human impacts. We review important recent research in pollen analysis (palynology), pollen sampling, laboratory techniques and pollen identification. Students are responsible for counting a number of samples and contributing data for a pollen diagram.

GEOG 3990 Undergraduate Research Seminar (1 Credit)

This course is designed to prepare students who will participate in faculty-supervised summer research projects. Students are introduced to research design, use of the scientific method, research expectations and reporting of results. Preparation of formal research proposal with adviser.

GEOG 3991 Independent Study (1-5 Credits)

GEOG 3992 Directed Study (1-10 Credits)

GEOG 3995 Independent Research (1-5 Credits)

GEOG 4000 Fundamental Geographic Perspectives (4 Credits)

A foundation course for persons in the community, without a degree in geography, who want to purse an education in or make use of computer-based geographic technology but who need a foundation in geographic concepts and perspectives.

GEOG 4020 Geographic Research Methodology (4 Credits)

This class prepares students to undertake creative geographic research leading to the generation of new knowledge. Students produce a NSF proposal by the end of the class. In class, students focus on methods rather than philosophy. This does not mean students go through a laundry list of the many methods employed by geographers (they can do this on their own). Students, however, focus on the methods that are appropriate for their research questions and, at the same time, maintain a healthy awareness and respect for methods employed by geographers in other fields. The class does not focus on the philosophy of the discipline or a particular field. However, these concerns should be apparent in your proposals. Indeed, various philosophical frameworks guide research questions and how students choose to answer those questions.

GEOG 4030 Advanced Field Research (1-5 Credits)

GEOG 4040 Research Topic Identification (0-5 Credits)

GEOG 4100 ApplicationDesign/ProductionI (4 Credits)

First of a two quarter sequence designed to be a culminating educational experience. Primarily lab-based with some lecture material, the various application requirements and guidance on how to go about accomplishing Application Design and Production tasks is provided. Prerequisites: GEOG 2000, GEOG 2100, GEOG 3100 or equivalent.

GEOG 4105 ApplicationDesign/ProductionII (4 Credits)

This course places emphasis on programming and producing technical reports and/or papers that will be published in the Geography Department's on-line applications library. Prerequisite: GEOG 4100.

GEOG 4110 Geospatial Data (4 Credits)

This graduate-level course is designed to provide graduate students from a broad range of disciplines with the skills to carry out applied research tasks and projects requiring the integration of geographic information system technologies and geospatial data. Students are introduced to a collection of techniques and data sources with a focus on acquiring and integrating data. Legal, ethical, and institutional problems related to data acquisition for geospatial information systems are also discussed.

GEOG 4400 Urban Landscapes (4 Credits)

Urbanization as a process; national urban systems; internal spatial structure of cities; role of transportation in urban development; location of residential, commercial and industrial activities; agglomeration economies; residential congregation and segregation; environmental justice; urban growth and growth coalitions; decentralization and urban sprawl; edge cities; impacts on the urban environment; world cities; globalization.

GEOG 4410 Economic Geography (4 Credits)

The study of the location and spatial organization of economic activities at the local, national, and global scales. Concerned with the spatial configuration of firms, networks, industries, and regions within the emerging global economy. Cross listed with INTS 4410.

GEOG 4460 Air Transportation & Tourism (4 Credits)

This course will be cross listed with GEOG 3460 Air Transportation & Tourism.

GEOG 4584 Geographic Information Systems for Humanitarian Assistance (4 Credits)

This class prepares students for future employment and enables them to bring more wisdom and expertise to the practice of their professions. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology is critical to support decision making throughout the process of response, assistance, and development – key stages in any humanitarian action. Much of the information practitioner’s encounter is spatial in nature and GIS provides a toolbox from which to better understand and utilize this type of information. This class introduces students to GIS technology functionality and information management, and examines GIS’ usefulness in humanitarian response. Today, GIS is an essential technology for emergent managers which support decision making on various levels during preparedness, mitigation, response and recovery. One of the main reasons for that is that much of the information is spatial by nature. Additionally, geospatial and geospatial-temporal analysis of data allows us to quickly access and display relevant information through the creation of maps and reports. This course introduces students to the theoretical principles of geographic information systems and examines its potential for humanitarian assistance through case studies and hands-on training with GIS software. Prerequisite: INTS 4056.

GEOG 4701 Topics in Geography (4 Credits)

Topics vary by instructor.

GEOG 4810 Geography of Latin America (4 Credits)

In this course, we examine how past and present cultural preferences and political economies effect changes in Latin American landscapes. Cross listed with GEOG 2810.

GEOG 4825 Geographies of International Development in Africa (4 Credits)

What are the historical roots of (under)development in sub-Saharan Africa? How is sub- Saharan Africa typically depicted in the media? How can we explain the fact that the Niger Delta provides the bulk of Nigeria’s revenue, and yet, it remains the poorest part of the country? Is climate change the major cause of persistent food insecurity in the drylands of Ethiopia and Burkina Faso? How can we make sense of the uneven geography of poverty in Ghana? What explains urban food insecurity in Cape Town, or land struggles in rural South Africa? What are the social processes underlying the spatial disparity in health status in Malawi, or gender differences in HIV rates in Nyanza province, Kenya? And why do land users often resist state conservation efforts in Tanzania? These are some of the critical questions explored in this course. The primary aim is to provide a critical introduction to the geography of sub-Saharan Africa. We will begin by exploring how “the Africa story” is told by the media, scholars and policymakers. Attention will then shift to understanding the key historical processes that shape (under)development in the region. We will cover a broad range of topics, including governance, colonial history, debt and structural adjustment, foreign aid, food and agriculture, gender, climate change, land grabbing, health, population growth, migration, remittances, and resource extraction. We cannot possibly cover all these topics in greater detail; indeed, some are too vast and complex. We will however use specific case studies to illustrate and discuss each of the topics.

GEOG 4880 Geographies of South Africa (4 Credits)

This travel course is designed to give students a first-hand look at the physical and cultural landscapes of South Africa. We will study the varied natural landscapes that produce the commodities (e.g., gold, diamonds, wine, and agriculture) that have attracted the interest of outsiders for centuries and that have influenced the cultural landscapes particular to South Africa. A systematic presentation of the geology of South Africa, and its human history, will unfold throughout our travels.

GEOG 4900 Graduate Colloquium in Geog (0 Credits)

Solid foundation in history and philosophy of the discipline of geography; basis for further exploration of major research specialization.

GEOG 4930 Nicaragua: Development Dilemmas (4 Credits)

This class takes students to post-revolutionary Nicaragua to examine the consequences of recent land grabs by foreigners and transnational companies. Students learn to operate in a country with minimal "western" infrastructure. They learn to examine developing landscapes (that is, resorts and tourism infrastructure) with new eyes and from the perspective of locals who have been left out of the development loop. By the end of the class, students begin to understand the "development game", begin to question the role of tourism in developing economies, begin to know how to interact with other cultures, and finally learn to question the landscapes we "see" and begin to peel back the layers to understand the social and physical evolution of the landscape before their eyes. This class takes an experiential approach and requires students to participate in a service learning experience. Service learning is defined as a course-based, credit bearing educational experience in which faculty, students, and community members participate in an organized service activity that addresses a self-identified community need. We work with several community-based and non-governmental organizations to ensure a good fit between community needs and student expertise.

GEOG 4950 Advanced Field Research (1-17 Credits)

GEOG 4991 Independent Study (1-5 Credits)

GEOG 4992 Directed Study (1-10 Credits)

GEOG 4993 Capstone or Project (1-4 Credits)

Includes technical design and development for MA geotechnical track project and MS-GIS capstone project.

GEOG 4994 Report (1-5 Credits)

GEOG 4995 Independent Research (1-5 Credits)

Includes field research for doctoral dissertation.

GEOG 4999 Geographic Internship (0-5 Credits)

Supervised internship in a government office at local, state or federal level or within private sector. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

GEOG 5991 Independent Study (1-5 Credits)

GEOG 5992 Directed Study (1-5 Credits)

GEOG 5995 Independent Research (1-10 Credits)

Geology Courses

GEOL 3010 Process Geomorphology (4 Credits)

The land surface of Earth is continuously altered by geomorphic processes. This class focuses upon the nature of these processes, the work that they perform and the resulting landforms. In addition, the student becomes familiar with various methods of geomorphic analysis through the laboratory component of the class. Cross listed with GEOG 3910. Prerequisite: GEOL 1010, GEOG 1202 or permission of instructor.

GEOL 3100 Environmental Geology (4 Credits)

Environmental geology examines geologic hazards, both natural and those attributable to human impacts on the environment from urban and regional development. Specific topics may include disposal of municipal solid waste and radioactive waste; flood, earthquake, volcanic hazards; groundwater pollution and withdrawal; mass-wasting phenomena; and energy-related issues. Prerequisite: GEOL 1010, GEOG 1203 or instructor's permission.

GEOL 3200 Sedimentology/Stratigraphy (4 Credits)

This course reviews the origin, geologic history, and depositional environments of sediments and sedimentary rocks. Course work concentrates on the identification of sedimentary rocks and depositional environments by first-hand observations of rocks in the Denver area. Prerequisite: GEOL 1010, GEOG 1203 or instructor's permission.

GEOL 3300 Petroleum Geology (4 Credits)

This class examines the geological occurrences of petroleum including the origin, migration, and accumulation of oil and natural gas. This class differs from traditional petroleum geology classes by offering an examination of the economics and politics underlying the oil and gas industry, and by considering alternatives to traditional hydrocarbon resources. Prerequisite: GEOL 1010, GEOG 1203 or instructor's permission.

GEOL 3520 Erosion Process & Measurement (4 Credits)

Soil erosion is arguably the most serious environmental problem worldwide. This course focuses upon the significance of this problem, the factors affecting erosion rates, the nature of the processes themselves, methods of measurement, estimation of erosion rates and erosion control practices. Prerequisites: GEOG 1203, GEOG 1218, or GEOG 1266.

GEOL 3540 Hydrology (4 Credits)

This course provides an overview of the hydrologic cycle with emphasis placed on the study of applied hydrology. Discussions include the fundamental characteristics of precipitation, runoff processes, calculation of flood hazards, aquifers (porosity and permeability), the geologic settings of groundwater, the basic physics of groundwater flow, and water supply and use. Prerequisite: GEOL 1010, GEOG 1203 or instructor's permission. Recommended prerequisite: one introductory statistics course.

GEOL 3900 Geomorphology Seminar (1-5 Credits)

Hill slopes comprise the vast majority of the Earth's land surface. It is upon these surfaces that nearly all of the human population must exist and, hopefully, flourish. Hill slopes assume various forms, and their shape influences their utility for various human endeavors. Numerous geomorphic processes operate upon hill slopes to determine their form, and human activities strongly influence the frequency and magnitude of these geomorphic processes. Consequently, hill slopes are an interface between the Earth and the human population. Prerequisite: GEOL 3010 or permission of instructor.

GEOL 3991 Independent Study (1-5 Credits)

Faculty

Michael Keables, Associate Professor and Department Chair, PhD, University of Wisconsin - Madison

Eric Boschmann, Associate Professor, PhD, The Ohio State University

Michael Daniels, Associate Professor, PhD, University of Wisconsin - Madison

Andrew Goetz, Professor, PhD, The Ohio State University

Hillary Hamann, Teaching Professor, PhD, University of Colorado Boulder

Helen Hazen, Teaching Associate Professor, PhD, University of Minnesota

Steven Hick, Professor of the Practice of GIS, MA, University of Missouri

Michael Kerwin, Associate Professor, PhD, University of Colorado Boulder

Kristopher Kuzera, Teaching Assistant Professor, PhD, San Diego State University, University of California, Santa Barbara

Jing Li, Associate Professor, PhD, George Mason University

David Longbrake, Professor, Emeritus, PhD, University of Iowa

Hanson Nyantakyi-Frimpong, Assistant Professor, PhD, University of Western Ontario

Rebecca Powell, Associate Professor, PhD, University of California, Santa Barbara

Donald Sullivan, Associate Professor, PhD, University of California, Berkeley

Paul Sutton, Professor, PhD, University of California, Santa Barbara

Matthew Taylor, Professor, PhD, Arizona State University

Terrence Toy, Professor, Emeritus, PhD, University of Denver

Erika Trigoso Rubio, Teaching Associate Professor, PhD, University of Oxford

Guiming Zhang, Assistant Professor, PhD, University of Wisconsin-Madison

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